Publications and resources

Landmark research

The Lancet series on Violence Against Women and Girls

Charlotte Watts, Cathy Zimmerman, Manuela Colombini and Claudia Garcia Moreno of WHO, co-edited an important collection of papers with The Lancet. Together with a comment by President Jimmy Carter, the papers cover:

  • the evidence base on prevention
  • the health sector response
  • a social and gender norms approach to prevention
  • programming lessons from experience
  • a call for specific action to eliminate violence against women and girls


Global and Regional estimates of violence against women

The first systematic study of the global prevalence of two forms of violence against women (VAW) — violence by an intimate partner and sexual violence by someone other than a partner – was undertaken by the Gender, Violence and Health Centre at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the South African Medical Research Council.



WHO Multi-country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence

WHO’s landmark study, conducted with LSHTM, documents violence against women by their intimate partners. This report presents the initial results based on evidence collected from over 24 000 women in 10 countries.



SASA! means ‘now!’ in Kiswahili. This comprehensive approach combines tools and a systematic process for community mobilisation to prevent violence against women and HIV. SASA! was developed by Raising Voices and is being implemented in Kampala, Uganda by the Centre for Domestic Violence Prevention (CEDOVIP).

The SASA! Study, a cluster randomised controlled trial, assesses the impact of the SASA! programme on violence and HIV prevention.



PUTTING WOMEN FIRST: Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Research on Domestic Violence Against Women

The first ethics recommendations on researching violence against women have been published by Professor Charlotte Watts with WHO.




Violence, mobile populations and health


Labour Exploitation, Trafficking and Migrant Health: Multi-country Findings on the Health Risks and Consequences of Migrant and Trafficked Workers








Safer labour migration and community-based prevention of exploitation








Health and human trafficking in the Greater Mekong Subregion report

 The Study on Trafficking, Exploitation and Abuse in the Mekong Sub-region (STEAM) was launched in Phnom Penh, Cambodia on 18 November 2014. STEAM is a longitudinal survey of health consequences of human trafficking, and offers methodological guidance for the evaluation of a large NGO-funded intervention to prevent trafficking in seven Asian countries.




Caring for Trafficked Persons: Guidance for Health Providers

Caring for Trafficked Persons: Guidance for Health Providers Facilitator’s Guide.




Stolen Smiles

Stolen Smiles was carried out by Professor Cathy Zimmerman between 2003 and 2005 and:

  • surveyed 207 women in seven European countries who had been trafficked into sex work or sexually abused as domestic labourers
  • was the first to use epidemiological methods to investigate the physical, sexual and mental health of trafficked women and adolescents.



Impact Case Study

This work was selected for the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine’s application to the Research Excellence Framework 2014 (REF) and was highly rated. The REF is a new system for assessing the quality of research in UK higher education institutions.


WHO Ethical and Safety Recommendations for Interviewing Trafficked Women

Intended mainly for researchers, media persons and service providers unfamiliar with the situation of trafficked women, this document aims to build a sound understanding of the risks, ethical considerations, and practical realities related to trafficking of women




Asylum-seeking Women, Violence & Health: Results from a pilot study in Scotland and Belgium






Violence against sex workers

Maisha Fiti – briefing note

A three year study with 1000 women in Nairobi, Kenya, examining the associations between violence against women, mental health concerns, alcohol and drug use, biological changes to the immune system and HIV.

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